Tuesday, 24 January 2012


Darwinism proposes , life developed from one single common ancestor, taking on all its varieties by a series of tiny changes. If so, life should have first emerged in very similar and simple forms. And according to the same theory, the differentiation between, and growing complexity in, living things must have happened in parallel over time. According to Darwinism, life must be like a tree, with a common root , splitting up into different branches. This hypothesis is constantly emphasized in Darwinist sources, the concept of the "tree of life" is frequently employed. According to this tree concept, phyla-the fundamental units of classification between living things-came about by stages . According to Darwinism, one phylum must first emerge, and then the other phyla must slowly come about with minute changes over very long periods of time. Darwinist hypothesis is that the number of animal phyla must have gradually increased in number.
Animals have been very different and complex since the moment they first emerged. All the animal phyla known today emerged at the same time, in the middle of the geological period known ...as the Cambrian Age. The Cambrian Age is a geological period estimated to have lasted some 65 million years, approximately between 570 to 505 million years ago. But the period of the abrupt appearance of major animal groups fit in an even shorter phase of the Cambrian, often referred to as the "Cambrian explosion."
Stephen C. Meyer, P. A. Nelson, and Paul Chien, in a 2001 article based on a detailed literature survey, dated 2001, note that the "Cambrian explosion occurred within an exceedingly narrow window of geologic time, lasting no more than 5 million years."
Stephen C. Meyer, P. A. Nelson, and Paul Chien, The Cambrian Explosion: Biology's Big Bang, 2001, p. 2.

Before then, only single-celled creatures and a few very primitive multicellular ones. All animal phyla emerged completely formed and all at once, in the very short period of time represented by the Cambrian explosion. (Five million years = very short time in geological terms )

Fossils in the Cambrian rocks belong to many very different creatures, ie snails, trilobites, sponges, jellyfish, starfish, shellfish, etc. Most creatures in this layer have complex systems and advanced structures like eyes, gills, and circulatory systems, exactly the same as those in modern specimens. These structures clearly demonstrated through the fossil record are very advanced, and very different.

Richard Monastersky, a staff writer at ScienceNews magazine :
A half-billion years ago, the remarkably complex forms of animals we see today suddenly appeared. This moment, right at the start of Earth's Cambrian Period, some 550 million years ago, marks the evolutionary explosion that filled the seas with the world's first complex creatures.
Richard Monastersky, "Mysteries of the Orient," Discover, April 1993, p. 40.

paleontologist Jan Bergström :
The Chengyiang fauna demonstrates that the large animal phyla of today were present already in the early Cambrian and that they were as distinct from each other as they are today."
Richard Monastersky, "Mysteries of the Orient," Discover, April 1993, p. 40.

Oxford University zoologist Richard Dawkins :
For example the Cambrian strata of rocks… are the oldest ones in which we find most of the major invertebrate groups. And we find many of them already in an advanced state of evolution, the very first time they appear. IT IS AS THOUGH THEY WHERE JUST PLANTED THERE WITHOUT ANY EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY .
Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker, W. W. Norton, London, 1986, p. 229.

MMMMmmmmm ...... I think they where Richard .

Steven M Stanley :
The known fossil record fails to document a single example of phyletic evolution accomplishing a major morphologic transition. - Steven M. Stanley (Macroevolution: Pattern and Process, 1979 p. 39)

Phillip Johnson, a professor at the University of California at Berkeley .
Darwinian theory predicts a "cone of increasing diversity," as the first living organism, or first animal species, gradually and continually diversified to create the higher levels of taxonomic order. The animal fossil record more resembles such a cone turned upside down, with the phyla present at the start and thereafter decreasing .
Phillip E. Johnson, "Darwinism's Rules of Reasoning," in Darwinism: Science or Philosophy by Buell Hearn, Foundation for Thought and Ethics, 1994, p. 12.

paleontologist Roger Lewin
Described recently as "the most important evolutionary event during the entire history of the Metazoa," the Cambrian explosion established virtually all the major animal body forms - Baupläne or phyla - that would exist thereafter, including many that were "weeded out" and became extinct. Compared with the 30 or so extant phyla, some people estimate that the Cambrian explosion may have generated as many as 100.
R. Lewin, Science, vol. 241, 15 July 1988, p. 291.

No phylum is connected to any other via intermediate types . Indeed , none of the invertebrate classes can be connected with another class by a series of intermediates . The relationships among phyla and classes MUST BE INFERRED .
JV Valentine , "What Darwin Began" 1985 p162 .

"It is not even possible to make a caricature of evolution out of palaeobiological facts. The fossil material is now so complete that the lack of transitional series cannot be explained by the scarcity of the material.
The deficiencies are real, they will never be filled."
N. Heiribert-Nilsson,
Professor, Lund University, Sweden. Synthetische Artbildung (The Synthetic Origin of Species) (1953), p. 1212.

One of the most difficult problems in evolutionary paleontology has been the almost abrupt appearance of the majore animal groups - classes and phyla - in full fledged form , in the Cambrian and Ordovician periods .
Groyer Multimedia Encyclopedia :


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